One of the major complaints which have been reported to a dermatologist is that they are having red dots on skin. We name these red spots differently depending upon the appearance of these spots and other characteristic features. For instance, if the spots are present in the form of outbreaks, these are more appropriately termed as rashes. There could be different reasons for the occurrence of rashes such as skin infections, other infections that have been spread throughout the body, hypersensitive reactions as a result of the action of the immune system or skin irritation. We call a particular red spot as macule if then it appears to be flat; on the other hand, if the red spot is raised in appearance, then it is called a papule. If the red spots is accompanied with redness, then this medical condition is called as Erythema.
There is one more medical condition called as hemangioma in which the blood spots under the skin appears to be in the form of small benign tumors originated in blood vessels. Petechiae is another medical condition which occurs when there is an appearance of illnesses on the skin. Some of the other causes of occurrence of red dots on skin could be bleeding disorders.
Let us look at the different types of conditions in which red dots on skin happens which are mentioned below:
1. Keratosis Pilaris
In case you must have observed some red dots on the skin such as on the region of your arms and thighs which more closely resemble with goosebumps. One of the main characteristic features of these types of red dots on skin is that these spots do not cause any inflammation or itchiness or very less itching occurs. As per the statistical reports, Keratosis Pilaris has affected 50 to 80 percent teenagers and approximately 40 percent adults.
The primary cause of this particular medical condition is the coagulation of the protein called keratin. This protein is more commonly found in some areas of the body such as skin, hairs, and nails. Those individuals who suffer from eczema or dry skin are more prone to suffer from this particular medical condition.
The treatment of this condition can be done by merely applying therapeutic creams which aid in eliminating the dead skin cells from the body and also loosen the skin by getting rid of these dead cells. Those therapeutic agents that help in treating Keratosis are mainly composed of salicylic acid, urea or lactic acid like components. It is essential to keep your skin more hydrated and moisturized. Many individuals also prefer to go for laser therapy for this particular disease.
This particular skin problem occurs as a result of an infection in the scalp region or the shaved regions of the body. The primary causative agent of Folliculitis is a bacteria namely, Staphylococcus aureus. It can also be caused due to the inflammatory responses at the regions which are infected by viruses, fungi and other hairs which have been growing.
It appears to occur as a rash due to razor or burn; sometimes you may see it as red marks on the skin. Some of the significant sources of Folliculitis include lifestyle changes such as wearing tight clothes, exposure to sweat and heat, etc. the risk of getting this disease becomes higher if:
Your immune system is weaker such as if you have diabetes, HIV or AIDS, etc. like metabolic syndrome
Sufferer of acne
Anyone who is suffering from Eczema
The Folliculitis can be treated with time, and as such, no professional treatment is required. But if this condition persists for more than ten days, then should consult your medical healthcare professional. There are some antibiotics available for the treatment of Folliculitis.
Eczema is another skin disorder in which the red dots on skin are associated with patches and inflammation. It may appear to be dry or in the form of blister or have a scaly appearance. Some of the common triggering agents of eczema are the use of inappropriate soaps and detergents, perfumes, cosmetic products, sweating and heat, stressful situations and so on.
The exact cause of eczema has not been identified yet, but it has been observed that heredity plays an important role. Those individuals whose family members suffer from the disease are more likely to acquire this medical condition. Also, if an individual is already suffering from an allergic substance or any seasonal allergy, then it is more likely to suffer from eczema. Those women who give birth to their child at later stages are more likely to suffer from Eczema.
Various medications are available for the treatment of skin problem such as antibiotics, antihistamines, etc. You should always consult your doctor before taking any medications. People sometimes use various non prescribed medications including ointments.
Psoriasis is another chronic skin disorder which is characterized by red spots on face, red spots on hairs and other body parts along with patches that appear scaly. There are two forms of psoriasis:
A guttate psoriasis is a form in which red or pink colored spots with rough appearance are observed on the skin. In this case, the red spots appear on the spine and limbs.
• Plaque psoriasis occurs in the form of thick red spots which are communicable.
• Guttate psoriasis can be triggered by specific agents such as tonsillitis, infections in the throat region, injuries on the skin, other medicines that adversely affect the healthy skin such as medicines used to treat malaria and stressful circumstances in an individual’s life.
Treatment of Psoriasis can be done using corticosteroids which have proven to be very useful in decreasing the occurrence of outbreaks. Treatment options such as phototherapy are also used which involves the use of ultraviolet radiations or a combination of UV rays and a light-sensitive medicine like psoralen.
5. Urticaria (Hives)
According to the statistical data, almost 20 percent of the people suffer from hives during their entire lifetime. These are characterized by red spots on chest, red spots on nose and other body parts. When you press at the center region of the spot, these red spots turn white. Some of the triggering agents for urticaria are certain food substances, medicines, pollen grains, insects, exposure to sun, etc. Some of the other associated diseases with hives are infections caused due to viruses, bacterial infections, hepatitis, and other autoimmune disorders.
Treatment of hives can be done using antihistamines but should only be taken with the prescription of medical health professionals. In some instances, oral medications are also prescribed to the patients.
6. Insect Bites And Mosquitoes Bites
Small red dots on skin may also appear as a result of various insect bites such as mosquitoes, spiders, wasp bees, ants, etc. Once an insect bites at your skin, the hypersensitive response is generated by the immune system leading to the development of a swollen bump like structure on the skin.
The treatment of this type of spots may disappear on its own. In case you get a severe allergic reaction, then you should immediately consult your medical health practitioner in that case.
7. Skin Cancer
There can be various types of skin cancer which may lead to the appearance of red dots on skin. Skin cancer is caused mainly due to the exposure to harmful radiations of the sun. There are two types of skin cancers which are Basal cell carcinoma and Bowen’s disease.
Basal cell carcinoma is one of the widely occurring forms of skin cancer and caused due to uncontrolled growth in the basal cell layer of skin cells. It may appear as an open sore, and the treatment is done usually by surgical operations.
Bowen’s disease is also the first form of skin cancer which is also known by other name called Squamous cell carcinoma as it affects the squamous cells of the skin. In this, the red, scaly patches occur which could be inflammatory or can outbreak also. The Bowen’s disease may occur due to the infection caused by Human Papilloma Virus 16 or arsenic compounds. The treatment is usually done using surgical procedures.
Vasculitis is another medical condition which leads to inflammation of blood vessels and causes blood spots on arms and other regions. Some of the symptoms of this disease are sweating at night time, rashes, loss of weight and pain at body regions and aching.
There are various types of vasculitis, one of which is hypersensitivity vasculitis in which red spots appear on the skin especially red spots on legs, more significantly at the lower region of legs. The outbreak may occur as a result of any infection or adverse effects of medicines such as antibiotics or medications prescribed to treat seizures.
As such, no treatment is required, but some people are recommended to take medicines that are anti-inflammatory or to counteract joint pain, one may take corticosteroids.
Another type of vasculitis is Kawasaki Disease which is also known as mucocutaneous lymph node and is most commonly observed among children below the age of 5 years. The characteristic symptoms of this disease are rashes, redness in eyes, swelling in tongue, and fever. The cause of this disease is not identified yet.
The treatment of this disease becomes difficult if it has not been identified at early stages. The antibiotics are given intravenously to the patients.
Warts are majorly caused due to an infectious agent namely, human Papillomavirus. In this, the bump like spots appears in which sometimes pus is also stored. The treatment of warts is not mandatory. There are some of the topical creams which can be applied before the laser therapy is given to the patients. The medical health professional may prescribe other treatment options available for removal of warts.
Acne is mainly characterized by red spots on face, oil on the skin, blackheads, and whiteheads. Acne usually occurs in those patients whose dead skin cells get coagulated in the skin.
The treatment of acne depends on the severity of the acne; also, the treatment of the acne includes the use of ointments, oral medications, changes in lifestyle including dietary changes, minor consumption of oily foods and consumption of more water, fruits and healthy vegetables rich in vitamin and roughage content.
These are the above mentioned ten types of skin disorders/ diseases which lead to the appearance of red spots on skin areas such as hands, legs, face, arms or throughout the whole body. The symptoms, causes and treatment options are mentioned above. In the latter section, we have specified some home remedies which you may utilize to treat the red spots on legs.
Home Remedies For Red Dots On Skin & Leg Region
If you are having an outbreak at the leg region and red dots on skin, then you would definitely want to get rid of it. There are a variety of home remedies that are available, and you may try at home quite conveniently to reduce your discomfort which is mentioned below:
1. Aloe Vera gel- you may buy the readymade aloe Vera gel from the market, or you may extract natural Aloe Vera gel from the Aloe Vera extract and apply it on the affected regions to treat the acne and other red spots. Aloe Vera is excellent and useful for reducing inflammation due to the presence of anti-inflammatory properties and also reduces the redness.
2. Use of apple cider vinegar and white vinegar can be beneficial in reducing the red dots on skin. You may apply this agent topically to get a soothing sensation which helps in reducing the itchiness and inflammation on the affected regions.
3. Red bumps can also be treated using calamine lotion which is also applied topically.
4. Witch hazel is another cream which is applied topically on the affected red bumps or red dots on skin to get rid of itchiness and redness.
5. Oatmeal is another essential home remedy agent which consists of chemicals naming Avenanthramide which contains anti-inflammatory properties and reduces itchiness. These also act as antihistamines which help in reducing the occurrence of allergic reactions in the body. You may take oatmeal supplements and use in bathing, ointments and for other purposes also.
The bottom line is that most of the red dots on skin that appear on the skin are treatable when recognized at the right time. Therefore, one may refer to the above treatment options mentioned, and also, you must get yourself checked in case you observe any unusual symptom in your body. If you find something discomforting in your body, then you should immediately consult your health care professional for the same, so now we have explained everything about red dots on skin, its causes and treatments etc, we hope you will get what are you looking for.